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Effect of Nutrition Education on the Eating Habits of Undergraduates in South-West, Nigeria

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Author(s): Gloria O. Anetor | Benjamin O. Ogundele | Oyediran E. Oyewole

Journal: Asian Journal of Epidemiology
ISSN 1992-1462

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 32;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: cancer | Nutrition education | eating habits | undergraduates

ABSTRACT
To assess the effect of nutrition education on the eating habits that may predispose undergraduates to cancer, a quasi-experimental study was carried out in a representative sample of undergraduates aged 16 to 25 years in two Universities in South-west Nigeria. A sample of 436 participants (males and females) was randomly selected from both universities (1 control group; 1 experimental group). Participants eating habits was assessed before nutrition education intervention by having a focussed group discussion and responding to a 19-item self-developed food frequency scale (pretest). Nutrition education intervention was given to the experimental group for 8 weeks and the control group had a placebo. The effect of nutrition education on eating habits was measured immediately and 8 weeks after intervention using the pretest scale (posttest). Data analysis was employed using SPSS version 15; independent t-test, ANCOVA, using the pretest as the covariate to measure the effect of the intervention. Nutrition education significantly affected the eating habits of the participants (p
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