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EFFECT OF PLANTING MEDIA (RICE HUSK AND COCO PEAT) ON THE UPTAKE OF CADMIUM AND SOME MICRONUTRIENTS IN CHILLI (CAPSICUM ANNUM L.)

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Author(s): Abdalla M. Alzrog | Abdussalam Salhin Mohamed | Karim Bin Alias | Rahmad Bin Zakaria

Journal: Pure and Applied Biology
ISSN 2304-2478

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 76;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Coco peat | Cadmium | Chilli | Planting media | Rice husk

ABSTRACT
The ecological effects of heavy metals or trace elements in soils are closely related to their contents and speciation in the soil. They play a significant role in the metabolic pathways throughout the growth and development of plants when presented in required concentration. In this study the effect of rice husk and coco peat media on the cadmium uptake by chilli plant (Capsicum annuum L) was investigated. The experiment was conducted in complete randomized block design (RBD) comprising of three replications. Various concentrations of Cd were dosed to the media once after one week of transplantation. All the required agricultural practices were applied uniformly until harvesting. Cd accumulation in roots, shoots and fruits were analyzed during vegetative, flowering and maturity stages, using atomic absorption spectrophotometric analysis (AAS). Results showed that both planting media exhibited higher accumulation of Cd in roots and shoots at the vegetative stage. The accumulated amount was found significantly dependent on the Cd dose injected to the media. Consequently, micronutrients contents and plant growth were also affected. The accumulated Cd in fruits was found slightly less in rice husk than coco peat media and above the prescribed safety limits recommended by FAO and WHO. Rice husk has higher impact on the microneutrients absorption than coco peat media. In this study, root length, plant hight, dry weight and fruits showed small differences among growing media.

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