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Effective utilization of B20 blend with diethyl ether and ethanol as oxygenated additives

Author(s): Upadrasta-Satya Vara-Prasad | Kotha Madhu-Murthy | Gaddale Amba-Prasad-Rao

Journal: Thermal Science
ISSN 0354-9836

Volume: 15;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1175;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: B20 blend | di ethyl ether | ethanol | eco-friendly engine operation

In the recent times' fatty acid methyl ester popularly called as biodiesel has become more prominent alternate fuel for compression ignition engines based on a single fuel concept. Since, use of neat biodiesel on a large scale is raising certain difficulties and is being adopted in a blended form with petro-diesel fuel and B20 blend has become standardized. However, the HC and NOx emissions of B20 are still on the higher side. Present work aims at experimental evaluation of a single cylinder water-cooled diesel engine by adopting various proportions of ethanol and diethyl ether blends in order to improve performance and emission characteristics of B20 blend. Besides employing different amounts of ethanol and diethyl ether, simultaneous influence of injector nozzle hole size and fuel injection pressure are also investigated to arrive at an optimum configuration. Brake specific fuel consumption and hydrocarbon emissions values are lower with B20 and DEE 5 whereas B20 with DEE15 yielded lower NOx emissions. It is observed that addition of oxygenates have improved the combustion process and lower emissions are obtained. The present investigation revealed that blends with oxygenated additives having higher Cetane rating are superior to neat blend.
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