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Effects of laminar shear stress versus resveratrol on the citrulline-NO cycle in endothelial cells

Journal: Advances in Biological Chemistry
ISSN 2162-2183

Volume: 03;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Citrulline-Nitric Oxide Cycle | Endothelial Cells | Laminar Shear Stress | Resveratrol

Laminar shear stress (LSS) due to pulsatile blood flow enhances endothelial function by multiple mechanisms including NO production. Red wine and its constituent, resveratrol, have also been postulated to provide vascular protective effects. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of mechanical LSS and pharmacological resveratrol treatments on the endothelial citrulline-NO cycle. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with LSS (12 dyn·cm-2) or resveratrol (25 - 100 μM). The expressions of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1), argininosuccinate lyase (ASL), nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) and cationic amino acid transporter 1 (CAT1), and the production of NO were determined. The expressions of Kruppel-like factor (KLF) 2 and KLF4 as upstream regulators of ASS1 and NOS3 were also analyzed. LSS strongly increased the mRNA levels of ASS1 (8.3 fold) and NOS3 (5.4 fold) without significant effects on ASL and CAT1 mRNAs. Resveratrol increased the ASS1 mRNA level in a dose-dependent manner up to 3.8 fold at 100 μM. The effects of resveratrol on the expressions of KLF2 and KLF4 mRNAs were smaller than those of LSS. Protein levels of ASS1 and NOS3, and NO production were markedly increased by LSS but resveratrol (50 μM) increased only ASS1 protein level. The results of the current study showed that LSS had greater effects on the citrulline-NO cycle activity leading to NO production, compared to resveratrol. Because resveratrol was not so effective at stimulating the endothelial citrulline-NO cycle, further studies are needed to find more potent drugs that increase the expression of ASS1 and NOS3 genes.
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