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Effects of sleep behaviors on academic performance of undergraduate medical and engineering students from Karachi

Author(s): Afshan Iqbal | Shafaq Tariq Minhas | Syeda Anam Azhar

Journal: El Mednifico Journal
ISSN 2307-7301

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Sleep | Academics | Medical Students | Engineering Students | Karachi

Background: Undergraduate programs, especially of Medicine and Engineering, demand long and tedious hours of and study and practical work by students. This often leads to students developing poor sleeping habits in attempts to give the academics their due time and effort. Therefore, the objective of this study was to elucidate the different aspects of sleep behaviors and their effects on academic performance of medical and engineering undergraduate students from selected colleges in Karachi.Methods: This was a cross sectional survey conducted on medical students at Dow Medical College and Mechanical Engineering students at NED University of Science and Technology. Questionnaires with an attached consent form were randomly distributed among the candidates. Sleep behavior was assessed using the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, while academic performance was assessed by the subjects’ self-reported GPA/percentage of the last university exam, or by a personal assessment rated on a 7 point scale ranging from very poor to excellent. A personalized sleep report was emailed to each eligible participant.Results: A total of 1160 forms were distributed, of which 930 valid forms were received, giving a response rate of 80.2%. Data was analyzed using the SPSS v15.0 software. Students of both institutions reported similar and overall poor sleep patterns. Three significant aspects of sleep, i.e. quality of sleep, excessive sleepiness during the daytime and the duration of sleep at night were cross-tabulated with the academic performance of the subjects. Each of the above mentioned factors were statistically evaluated in relation to academic performance, and only the last two garnered a significant status (p
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