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Efficacy of first-line doxorubicin and ifosfamide in myxoid liposarcoma

Author(s): Katz Daniela | Boonsirikamchai Piyaporn | Choi Haeson | Lazar Alexander J | Wang Wei-Lein | Xiao Lianchun | Park Min S | Ravi Vinod | Benjamin Robert S | Araujo Dejka M

Journal: Clinical Sarcoma Research
ISSN 2045-3329

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Choi criteria | doxorubicin | ifosfamide | myxoid liposarcoma

Abstract Background Myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) is a soft tissue sarcoma with adipocytic differentiation characterized by a unique chromosome rearrangement, t(12;16)(q13;p11). The exact efficacy of chemotherapy in MLS has not been clearly established. Patients and methods We retrospectively analyzed the records of 37 histologically confirmed MLS patients who were treated at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from January 2000 to December 2009 with doxorubicin 75-90 mg/m2 over 72 hours combined with ifosfamide 10 gm/m2 in the first-line setting. Response was assessed using RECIST and Choi criteria. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test was used to estimate clinical outcomes. Results The median follow-up period was 50.1 months. The overall response rates were 43.2% using RECIST and 86.5% using the Choi criteria. The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 90% for patients with resectable tumors. Median time to progression and overall survival time for the advanced-disease group were 23 and 31.1 months, respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrates that doxorubicin-ifosfamide combination therapy has a role in the treatment of MLS. The Choi criteria may be more sensitive in evaluating response to chemotherapy in MLS.

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