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El proceso de selección natural en el campo social del ballet en Cuba.

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Author(s): Hamlet Betancourt León

Journal: AIBR : Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana
ISSN 1695-9752

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 371;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Ballet is a conflictive social system in which competition among the dancers takes place. Byusing social and natural criteria, there is a set of practices that makes the selection of the bestperformers to dance in public. Public dancing is the most important practice in this field. Thepurpose of this research is to demonstrate the pertinence of Darwinism theoretical principle ofnatural selection for discriminating the beauty of the dancer figure at the pyramidal system ofselection, formation and professional performance in the Cuban ballet field. The ballet field canbe considered as a set of cultural institutions where many people contribute to the creation ofprofessional dancers. The main artistic merit for a ballet dancer is not just to represent hiscountry, but also to be considered as a revolutionary. A pyramidal system of selection,formation and professional performance of dancers structures the ballet field. The Darwinistprinciple of natural selection rules the essential social practices of exclusion/inclusion into thepyramidal system. The qualifying test of physical capacity, the middle level test during thestudies and the final audition to be accepted by the Cuban National Ballet Company, are thesocial practices that determine the level of success of a dancer inside. All the levels arecomposed of different actions which compare the morpho-functional characteristics ofaspirants, students and future professionals with the ones considered the ideal by the artisticcanon of ballet.
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