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The Emerging Infection of Superbug (MRSA) in Hospital as well as in Community

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Author(s): Harshit A. Jadav

Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Bioscientific Research
ISSN 2277-3681

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: super bug | MRSA | community | hospital | emerging infection.

ABSTRACT
The term superbug is a nonspecific word that is used to describe any microorganism that is resistant to at least one or more commonly used antibiotics. MRSA is “Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus “is a bacterium that is resistant to a synthetic penicillin- methicillin. MRSA causes a variety of disseminated, lethal infections in humans. MRSA has the ability to easily transfer resistant genes to other species directly and indirectly. Overuse of antibiotics imposes selective pressures which mediates the acquisition of resistance. MRSA has been a major concern in hospital-based institutions for many years. Now “Community acquired MRSA” has become a health concern for everyone. 100,000 people are hospitalized each year with MRSA infections. Staph aureus bacteria are commonly carried on the skin or in the noses of healthy people. The one cannot get rid of MRSA; can only control it.MRSA frequently lives harmlessly on skin surfaces of the mouth, genitalia and rectum. The study showed a 17% drop in invasive MRSA infections that were diagnosed before hospital admissions (community onset) in people with recent exposures to healthcare settings.
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