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Enhancing Employees Performance via Empowerment: A Field Survey

Author(s): Nail AHK Awamleh

Journal: Asian Journal of Business Management
ISSN 2041-8744

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 313;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Authorization | empowerment | delegation of power performance

This study aims to show the importance of empowerment in improving employee’s performance in many ways. Major objectives of the study are: (1) Give concise review on empowerment from different aspects, (2) Show practical experience with empowerment practices through a field survey of these practices in a sample of respondents working in business and government organizations in Bahrain, (3) Draw some conclusions on "empowerment" of importance for researchers and practitioners in management and organizations, (4) Provide some recommendations in the light of the conclusions of the study. Empowerment is the process of enabling employees in many forms and ways including delegating, training and development, job rotation and fair promotion opportunities. A concise review of literature on empowerment, its types and forms, obstacles and ways of improving empowerment have been given in this study. The study employs descriptive-analytic approach in achieving its goals. It utilizes ready and primary sources of information and data. The study relies on related literature review along with primary data collected by means of questionnaire especially designed for this study. Major findings of the study include wide differences among researchers and practitioners regarding the meaning, nature, tools and applications of empowerment. Findings also shows that empowerment faces serious practical obstacles such as insufficient top management support, lack of awareness, absence of clear regulations on ways and tools of empowerment and insufficient funds. The study recommended carrying out more academic and practical activities regarding empowerment, updating laws and regulations to reinforcing empowerment practices and restructuring organizational culture and structure to create empowerment friendly environment.
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