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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY OF OIL INDUSTRY

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Author(s): Vera Rocca | Dario Viberti

Journal: American Journal of Environmental Sciences
ISSN 1553-345X

Volume: 9;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 210;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Oil Industry | Environmental Footprint | Waste Management

ABSTRACT
Similarly to most industrial activities, the oil industry can affect the environment at several stages. The greatest impact is the release of waste into the environment in concentrations that are not natural. Virtually in all cases, the adverse impact can be minimized or eliminated through the implementation of a proper waste management plan. Over the past few years the oil industry has placed greater emphasis on minimizing the environmental impact of its operations in all the main phases of a hydrocarbon reservoir life: from appraisal to field development, from production and recovery to reservoir decommissioning. As a consequence, the oil industry is facing important technical challenges, approaching with great interest and expectation new emerging technologies, such as nanotechnologies and alternative solutions, like CO2 underground storage. This study provides an overview of the most interesting solutions that have been proposed and critically highlights their potential benefits and drawbacks. The following paper focuses on some of the new approaches that have already changed the routine operation workflow, while others are currently being tested and may yet require further improvement.
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