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Equilibrium and kinetic studies on the adsorption of humic acid by activated sludge and Bacillus subtilis

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Author(s): Woranart Jonglertjunya | Tidathip Lertchutimakul

Journal: Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
ISSN 0125-3395

Volume: 34;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 669;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: adsorption isotherm | kinetic | humic acid | activated sludge | Bacillus subtilis

ABSTRACT
This research is concerned with the adsorption of humic acid by activated sludge obtained from an alcoholic beverageplant and Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633). The effects of experimental factors such as initial pH, agitation speed, and types ofadsorbent have been studied to compare adsorption capacity. The characterisation of activated sludge and Bacillus subtilisadsorption were examined by investigating the adsorption isotherm and kinetics. The results showed that the type of adsorbent had a significant relationship with adsorption capacity. In case of Bacillus subtilis, a maximum value of adsorptioncapacity of 11.44 mg humic acid /g biomass was observed based on the Langmuir adsorption isotherm and K value of 3.17x10-2 ((mg/g)(mg/l)n) from the Freundlich adsorption isotherm. The kinetic studies indicated that a pseudo second-orderequation fitted the data remarkably well resulting in a rate constant (k2) of about 0.019 g·mg-1min-1 for the adsorption ontoBacillus subtilis.

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