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De erfenis van Mobutu

Author(s): G. Vergaerde

Journal: Afrika Focus
ISSN 0772-084X

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 33;
Date: 1992;
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Keywords: Mobutu Political Reforms | Zaire

This article intends to give an explanation of the possible consequences for Zaire of 25 years of Mobutist regime. This is important, because during the second republic there was a constant growth of a regime sui generis with fundamental characteristics that, in the near future, will have an important influence on the political, social and economic events. - The division of the enormous amount of power could result in heavy quarrels. - For years, there has not been an independent political elite, so that the formation of such an elite in a short period of time will be very difficult. - The patrimonialistic style of government has resulted in a political environment that is composed of informal networks and "dependent relations, with in the centre Mobutu. - The continuing cycle of opposition and collaboration has brought severe damage to the image and credibility of the opposition. Besides, there is a big gap between the political elite and the population. - The policy of ethnic mobilisation has increased the ethnic consciousness. - Patrimonialism and parasitism have generated a pandemic corruption in all layers of the population. - The policy of borrowing money has led to gigantic debts and the loans have not led to any development of the economic capacity. - The insecure position of the political and economic executives has created a spiral of insecurity and corruption, which, on its turn, has created an dialectic of repression.
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