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ESTIMATION OF GENETIC EFFECTS ON PLANT HEIGHT IN TWO SPECIFIC PAIRS OF INBRED LINES AND ITS SIX BASIC GENERATIONS

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Author(s): Zvonimir Zdunić | Domagoj Šimić | Ivan Brkić | Antun Jambrović | Renata Zdunić | Tatjana Ledenčan

Journal: Poljoprivreda (Osijek)
ISSN 1330-7142

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 5;
Date: 2003;
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Keywords: maize | plant height | Generation mean analysis | genetic effects

ABSTRACT
Estimation of genetic effects on economically important traits is a common procedure in the most breeding programmes at Agricultural Institute Osijek. This paper deals with estimation of adequacy over additive/dominance model of inheritance as well as estimation and comparison of genetic effects on plant height for two specific pairs of inbreds (A672×Va99; A672×Os6-2), and its six basic generations (P2, F1, F2, BCP1 and BCP2). Two year investigation was carried out at two locations in eastern Croatia. The trails consisted of 121 entries of different inbreeding level derived by partial diallel mating design followed by selfing and back crossing. Simple lattice experimental design was used in both investigated years. Goodness of fit test results indicated the additive/dominance model failed to explain all differences among generation means. Digenic epistatic model appeared to be adequate in both investigated pairs of inbreds at least in one of the investigated years. Estimations and comparisons of genetic effects for selected pairs of inbreds and basic generations revealed prevailing dominance effects when compared to additive.

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