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Author(s): Mariana Ratiu

Journal: Annals of the University of Oradea. Fascicle of Textiles, Leatherwork
ISSN 1843-813X

Volume: XIV;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 149;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: directive | decision | communication | regulation | standard | environmental impact | textiles.

In this paper, I present an overview of important regulations regarding the environmental impact of the textile products on the level of European Union.There is always an environmental impact of the textile products, across the entire lifecycle. The most important environmental hazards from textiles are: use of chemicals, use of water, use of energy, generation of waste water contaminated with hazardous substances, hazardous and toxic waste generation.The textiles and clothing sector is an important part of European manufacturing industry. Many of the new member states are very dependent upon the textiles and clothing industry in terms of value added and employment. Nevertheless, the total EU export in textiles and clothing decreased while the import increased dramatically over the last years.The European textile industry has been facing a long period of decline, rising global competition, and relocation to low-income countries. Compared to the other main producers of textiles, like China and India, for instance, the European textile industry is disadvantaged due to the high labour costs and higher environmental standards.There are a lot of regulations regarding environmental impact of the textile products, to the level of European Union, like in other few developed countries. All these regulations are necessary for the protection of the environment and consumer protection, in the context of sustainable development, and it should be harmonized and mandatory for all. Unfortunately, however, this will not happen soon.
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