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Evaluation of antioxidant activity of three common potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars in Iran

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Author(s): Faride Hesam | Gholam Reza Balali | Reza Taheri Tehrani

Journal: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
ISSN 2228-7930

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 79;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Antioxidant activity | Potato | Radical scavenging | Total phenolic compounds

ABSTRACT
Objectives: Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), as a whole food, contains high levels of vitamins and important antioxidants including phenolic acids, carotenoids and flavonoids. The objective of this study was to determine the total phenolic content and antioxidant activities of three common potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars in Iran i.e., Savalan, Agria and Sante.Materials and Methods: Phenolic compound extraction of samples was done with methanol and total phenolic on the basis of folin-ciocalteu assay was estimated as 16.58 to 36.24 mg GAE/100g dry sample. The antioxidant activities of potato extracts on the basis of inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation and DPPH assay were compared with a commercially available antioxidant, α -tocopherol.Results: Savalan had the highest phenolic content and the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity with EC50 value of 41.815±mg/ml (DB). Also Savalan had the best inhibitory action against linoleic acid oxidation at 94.10±1.89% at 50 mg/ml sample concentration. Methanolic potato extracts had better antioxidant activity than α-tocopherol. Significant (p
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