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Evaluation of Community Pharmacists’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Good Pharmacy Practice in Iran

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Author(s): Somayeh Hanafi | Farshad Poormalek | Hasan Torkamandi | Mirhamed Hajimiri | Meysam Esmaili | Seyed Hamid Khooie | Kheirollah Gholami | Alireza Hayatshahi | Mohammad Reza Javadi

Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Care
ISSN 2322-4630

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 19;
Date: 2013;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Background: The principles of pharmaceutical care are embedded in the concept of Good Pharmacy Practice (GPP). GPP is poorly applied in community pharmacies not only in Asian countries, but even in United States and Europe. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of the community pharmacists in Iran, regarding GPP. Methods: A total of 794 pharmacists were evaluated with a reliable and validated KAP (Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice) questionnaire regarding GPP in September 2008. Results: The most important finding in the present study was the pharmacists’ low knowledge (Mean= 13.42) and practice (Mean= 29.85) level about GPP, while their attitude towards this subject was at a high level (Mean= 74.83). Increase in their knowledge of good pharmacy practice aligned with an increase in their attitudes towards this issue. Also increase in our pharmacists’ knowledge and attitude aligned with an increase in quality of their practice. Conclusion: The current practice of Iranian community pharmacists needs further improvement. National pharmaceutical organizations should organize educational programs for the community pharmacists to equip them for their main role in community practice: promoting rational drug use. Keywords: Pharmacy, Knowledge, Attitude
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