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Experimenting the design-based k-NN approach for mapping and estimation under forest management planning

Author(s): Mattioli W | Quatrini V | Di Paolo S | Di Santo D | Giuliarelli D | Angelini A | Portoghesi L | Corona P

Journal: iForest : Biogeosciences and Forestry
ISSN 1971-7458

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Forest management planning | k-Nearest Neighbors | Landsat | Estimation | Mapping

Estimation and mapping of forest attributes are a fundamental support for forest management planning. This study describes a practical experimentation concerning the use of design-based k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN) approach to estimate and map selected attributes in the framework of inventories at forest management level. The study area was the Chiarino forest within the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park (central Italy). Aboveground biomass and current annual increment of tree volume were selected as the attributes of interest for the test. Field data were acquired within 28 sample plots selected by stratified random sampling. Satellite data were acquired by a Landsat 5 TM multispectral image. Attributes from field surveys and Landsat image processing were coupled by k-NN to predict the attributes of interest for each pixel of the Landsat image. Achieved results demonstrate the effectiveness of the k-NN approach for statistical estimation, that is compatible with the produced forest attribute raster maps and also proves to be characterized, in the considered study case, by a precision double than that obtained by conventional inventory based on field sample plots only.
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