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Exploring GpG bases next to anticodon in tRNA subsets

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Author(s): Thangavelu Srinivasan | Kubendiran Kumaran | Rajendran Selvakumar | Devadasan Velmurugan | Dorairaj Sudarsanam

Journal: Bioinformation
ISSN 0973-2063

Volume: 9;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 466;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: tRNAs | Codon | Anticodon | m1G modification

ABSTRACT
Transfer RNA (tRNA) structure, modifications and functions are evolutionary and established in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. Typically the tRNA modifications are indispensable for its stability and are required for decoding the mRNA into amino acids for protein synthesis. A conserved methylation has been located on the anticodon loop specifically at the 37th position and it is next to the anticodon bases. This modification is called as m1G37 and it is catalyzed by tRNA (m1G37) methyltransferase (TrmD). It is deciphered that G37 positions occur on few additional amino acids specific tRNA subsets in bacteria. Furthermore, Archaea and Eukaryotes have more number of tRNA subsets which contains G37 position next to the anticodon and the G residue are located at different positions such as G36, G37, G38, 39, and G40. In eight bacterial species, G (guanosine) residues are presents at the 37th and 38th position except three tRNA subsets having G residues at 36th and 39th positions. Therefore we propose that m1G37 modification may be feasible at 36th, 37th, 38th, 39th and 40th positions next to the anticodon of tRNAs. Collectively, methylation at G residues close to the anticodon may be possible at different positions and without restriction of anticodon 3rd base A, C, U or G.
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