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Extrauterine pregnancies-risk factors and management

Author(s): Anna Patapuro | Henri Lahdemaki | Jaana Marttala | Markku Santala | Markku Ryynanen

Journal: Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics
ISSN 2162-5816

Volume: 03;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 57;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Ectopic Pregnancy | Methotrexate | Salpingec Tomy | Salpingostomy | Expectant | Management | Risk Factor

Objective: To study the clinical progress, risk factors, management, and outcomes of suspected ectopic pregnancy (EP). Design: Retrospective clinical case study. Population: All 184 patients hospitalized for suspected EP during the period 1.1.2008-31.12.2011. Setting: Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Methods: The clinical progress, risk factors, management, complications and outcomes were based on studies of hospital records. Main outcome measures: Symptoms, serum quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, management, complications and outcome of patients. Results: At least one of the risk factors was found in 117 women (66%). There were 11 patients without symptoms. In the initial visit, the median hCG concentration was 1915 (20 - 73,000) IU/l. The most common treatment was surgical, 137/181 (76%), followed with medical treatment, 22/181 (12%) and expectant management, 22/181 (12%). Conclusions: Surgery was the most widely used treatment for EP. We might thus draw attention to more conservative management.
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