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Faschismus und Altertum – Die Antike als Vermittler der romanità im ventennio

Author(s): Florian Battistella

Journal: Skriptum : Studentische Onlinezeitschrift für Geschichte und Geschichtsdidaktik
ISSN 2192-4457

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 86;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: reception of ancient world | fascism | romanita | ventennio

The article by Florian Battistella: „Faschismus und Altertum. Die Antike als Vermittler der romanità im ventennio.“ addresses the reception which topics of ancient history underwent during the period of Italian fascism. After an exhaustive definition and delimitation of the term 'fascism' during the time of Mussolini the separate mechanisms of reception and their individual impacts are discussed, while mechanisms of pre-fascist origin are included in the analysis as well. The myth of Rome offered numerous links and possibilities for identification processes of state and nation, which henceforth supported the ideological-motivated and totalitarian claims of the Regime. Such concepts again helped to realize the totalitarian claims in the 20th century. Parts of the ancient history scholarship actively contributed to these cultural forms of expression in fascist Italy and furthermore helped to fabricate a constructed tradition, which in turn made it possible to consolidate such ideas among the populace. The full picture of this aspect includes a complex and diverse receptive structure which includes symbolical, figurative and architectural elements.
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