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THE FINANCIAL STABILITY ANALYSIS THROUGH THE WORKING CAPITAL

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Author(s): LĂPĂDUŞI MIHAELA LOREDANA | CĂRUNTU CONSTANTIN

Journal: Analele Universităţii Constantin Brâncuşi din Târgu Jiu : Seria Economie
ISSN 1844-7007

Volume: 4.I;
Issue: 4.I;
Start page: 146;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: working capital | permanent capital | fixed assets | current assets | liabilities on short term

ABSTRACT
The main goal of any business is to maintain the financial stability not only on the short term but also on medium and long term, in other words to maintain a harmony between financial sources and financial needs, respectively the equality between the assets and liabilities from the balance sheet. On short term, maintaining the financial stability involves correlating the temporary resources with the temporary uses by using the necessary working capital, and on the long-term, the financial stability involves comparing the permanent resources with the permanent uses by working capital indicator. The determination of the financial state of the company at a certain moment represents the key moment in establishing and adopting the economic and financial decisions in the management of the company. Maintaining the financial stability of the company represents one of the main objectives of the financial analysis and management and it also provides the optimum development of the entire economic and financial activity of the company. The analysis of the working capital size is based on the financial statement data and information, and based on this analysis is considered the financial situation of the company, the financial equilibrium state at a certain moment. The purpose of this article is to highlight the fact that the maintenance of the financial stability on medium and long term is subordinated to the “working capital” indicator, its content and interpretation evolving in time and varying differently from one company to another. The results of this research may have broad applicability in the field of the companies’ activity and it materializes in the complex approach of the working capital regarded as a classic indicator, frequently used in the financial analysis and with profound significance in establishing the financial state in general and the equilibrium state in particular.
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