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Five steps school based approach for screening of diabetes and hypertension

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Author(s): S.S. Karikatti | V.A. Naik | A.B. Hallappanavar | B.B. Devaranavadgi | M.D. Mallapur | S.B. Halki

Journal: Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 0974-1143

Volume: 06;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 337;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Screening | motivation | Diabetes | School based approach | school child

ABSTRACT
Background: In India non communicable diseases accounted for 53% of all deaths in 2005. It is estimated to increase by 18% by 2015. Pre-mature onset of disease and death in India is a major concern. Issues like the limited resources, scarcity of trained health personnel and lack of motivation for community programme have increased the existing problems. Aim: To motivate community people for screening of diabetes & hypertension through school based approach. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out at school settings. Five steps school based approach was used to motivate parents, family members, school staff and community people for screening of DM & HT and their risk factors. Screening camps were arranged and screening was done for hypertension and diabetes. The impact of motivation was assessed and yield rates were calculated. Results: Total 178 participants attended the screening camp. Of that 47(26.4%) were men, 65 (36.60%) were of low risk age group, 30 (16.9%) were having hypertension [8/30 (26.7%) people were newly detected]. Similarly, 21(11.8%) were having diabetes and 7 / 21(33.3%) were newly detected. Conclusion: In the present study yield of screening programme was quite good in which 34.8% community households were motivated.
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