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Flavobacterium columnare / Myxobolus tilapiae Concurrent Infection in the Earthen Pond Reared Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) during the Early Summer

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Author(s): Alaa Eldin Eissa | Manal M. Zaki | A. Abdel Aziz

Journal: Interdisciplinary Bio Central
ISSN 2005-8543

Volume: 2;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Flavobacterium columnare | Myxobolus tilapiae | Mass mortalities | Earthen ponds | Nile tilapia | Catfish | Egypt

ABSTRACT
Results: Flavobacterium columnare (F. columnare), the dermotropic Gram negative yellow pigmented bacteria was isolated from different sites of skin ulcerations in the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Nile catfish (Clarias gariepinus) collected from an earthen pond located at an aquaculture station in Sharkiya Province, Lower Egypt during an acute episode of mass kills during the early summer of 2009. An acute infection with F. columnare was behind the emergent event of mass mortalities among both populations. Many of the Nile tilapias exhibited typical signs of hole - in- the head like lesions from which F. columnare together with the myxosporean spore, Myxobolus tilapiae (M. tilapiae) were retrieved. Most of the cohabitating infected Nile catfishes exhibited severe form of saddle back like ulcer. The identities of the retrieved isolates were confirmed using morphological, biochemical and molecular tools. Conclusion: The current study reports on the seasonal resurgence of mass mortalities due to F. columnare infection in the polycultured Nile tilapia and Nile catfish during the early summer. Further, the endemic existence of the myxosporean spore M. tilapiae concurrently with some environmental stresses (abrupt temperature rise, polluted pond water) and faulty management (high ammonia, high pH and low dissolved oxygen) are the potential initiating factors for such outbreaks.
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