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Flexibility in Lithuania Enterprises: Comparative Analysis of Garment, Food and IT Enterprises

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Author(s): Asta Savanevičienė

Journal: Engineering Economics
ISSN 1392-2785

Volume: 5;
Start page: 92;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: flexibility | business cultural values | changes | openness | cooperation | activity

ABSTRACT
The article presents the comparative analysis of flexibilityin Lithuania enterprises. The choice of the theme isbased on some aspects. First, the influence of highly dynamicenvironment conditioned by rapid technologicalchanges, increased consumers’ requirements, competitionglobalization. Trying to keep up with the dynamics ofsituation, it is very important to perceive the capability ofan organization and understand what is going on in theirbusiness environment and to take actions before it might betoo late. On the second hand, Lithuania enterprises havefunctioned under the conditions of transitional economyfor a long time. This economy has been characterized bythe fusion of planned and market economies. A lot of researcherswho have studied the peculiarities of WesternEurope enterprises have stressed the influence of plannedeconomy, its unwillingness to change, difficulty to adapt torapidly changing market requirements, low enterpriseflexibility, of avoidance risk, fear of responsibility as wellas low initiative of employees. It can’t be unlikely statedthat today enterprises follow only the principles of marketeconomy, especially when the interior activity of an enterpriseis concerned. The attitude of leaders and employeesis of the utmost importance, heaving in mind tasks, decisions,enterprise management, changes and development.This attitude has been formed for decades and although itchanges with time and is closely connected with changes ofbusiness cultural values, the process is not rapid. Third,enterprise flexibility is very much dependent on the sectortype. The enterprises of low technologies are functioningunder less dynamic conditions than as it is in the case ofthe enterprises of high technologies. This influences theirflexibility.
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