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Fluid Replacement in Treatment of Hypovolemia and Shock: Crystalloids and Colloids

Author(s): Fatih Yildiz | Emre Karakoc

Journal: Arsiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi
ISSN 1300-3755

Volume: 22;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 347;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Hypovolemia | Crystalloid | Colloid | Fluid therapy | Sepsis | Shock

Shock is a pathologic state with high mortality rate and characterized by a reduction of systemic tissue perfusion and decresead oxygen delivery. Absolute or relative hypovolemia is a common pathology of most shock types. Correction of hypovolemia might reverse the disturbance and increase the tissue perfusion. Fluid resuscitation with crystalloid and colloid solutions can carry the risk of increasing morbidity and mortality if not used properly. Although crystalloid and colloid solutions are considered to have equal efficacy and safety profile, recent studies showed that this assumption may not be correct. Early and effective management of hypovolemia is the cornerstone of shock resuscitation. Initial management of patients with septic shock and hypovolemia should be done with 30ml/kg of crystalloids. Proper fluid replacement and resuscitation algoritms might increase the survival rate. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(3.000): 347-361]
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