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FOOTBALL PLAYERS’ LEGS BIOMECHANICS DURING THE GAME AND THE REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOTBALL SHOES

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Author(s): Cornelia Ionescu Luca | Cristina Secan

Journal: Annals of the University of Oradea. Fascicle of Textiles, Leatherwork
ISSN 1843-813X

Volume: XIV;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 93;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: athletics | running biomechanics | track and field shoes

ABSTRACT
Football players, during the game, find themselves in both static and dynamic positions. Movement may be accomplished through walking, marching, running and jumping. While walking, the step may be simple, if referred to a single leg or double when talking about both legs. The simple steps have different phases for the bare-foot, the impact phase, supported foot and oscillating shank-bone and propulsion. Football shoes for walking make contact with the support surface through cleats. The back cleats have the same role as the heel, causing on impact the foot to swivel in the tibia-astragalian joint, which makes the shank bone translate by sliding. The load that is placed on the heel begins to be progressively be trickled down to the front of the leg. During the football game, shoes are involved in all the specific technical procedures, with both positive and negative effects, depending on their characteristics. The general requirements are: provide a high degree of mobility; avoiding good impulse on the ball when kicked. This paper, we will summarize the results of study about the requirements that football shoes have to meet as a result of the stress that football players’ legs are subjected to during the game in both static and dynamic positions.
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