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From nanotubes to single crystals: Co doped TiO2

Author(s): J. Jaćimović | E. Horváth | B. Náfrádi | R. Gaál | N. Nikseresht | H. Berger | L. Forró | A. Magrez

Journal: APL Materials
ISSN 2166-532X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 032111;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Millimeter-sized cobalt doped rutile crystals with a bi-pyramidal shape are obtained by chemical vapour transport using scroll-type H2Ti3O7 nanotubes as a precursor in which Co2+ ions are introduced by a simple ion exchange method prior to the growth. Despite the low concentration of Co2+ dopants (5 × 1019 cm−3), the resistivity of the single crystal shows a metallic behaviour above 50 K and the Seebeck coefficient has the signatures of polaronic quasiparticles. The magnetic properties of the material show a weak anti-ferromagnetic interaction between the spins on Co atoms below 50 K. This synthesis method could be beneficial for the growth of a large variety of doped TiO2 single crystals.

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