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Geochronology and thermochronology of Cretaceous plutons and metamorphic country rocks, Anyui-Chukotka fold belt, North East Arctic Russia

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Author(s): E. L. Miller | S. M. Katkov | A. Strickland | J. Toro | V. V. Akinin | T. A. Dumitru

Journal: Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series
ISSN 1868-4556

Volume: 4;
Start page: 157;
Date: 2009;
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ABSTRACT
U-Pb isotopic dating of seven granitoid plutons and associated intrusions from the Bilibino region (Arctic Chukotka, Russia) was carried out using the SHRIMP-RG. The crystallization ages of these granitoids, which range from approximately 116.9±2.5 to 108.5±2.7 Ma, bracket two regionally significant deformational events. The plutons cut folds, steep foliations and thrust-related structures related to sub-horizontal shortening at lower greenschist facies conditions (D1), believed to be the result of the collision of the Arctic Alaska-Chukotka microplate with Eurasia along the South Anyui Zone (SAZ). Deformation began in the Late Jurassic, based on fossil ages of syn-orogenic clastic strata, and involves strata as young as early Cretaceous (Valanginian) north of Bilibino and as young as Hauterivian-Barremian, in the SAZ. The second phase of deformation (D2) is developed across a broad region around and to the east of the Lupveem batholith of the Alarmaut massif and is interpreted to be coeval with magmatism. D2 formed gently-dipping, high-strain foliations (S2). Growth of biotite, muscovite and actinolite define S2 adjacent to the batholith, while chlorite and white mica define S2 away from the batholith. Sillimanite (± andalusite) at the southeastern edge the Lupveem batholith represent the highest grade metamorphic minerals associated with D2. D2 is interpreted to have developed during regional extension and crustal thinning. Extension directions as measured by stretching lineations, quartz veins, boudinaged quartz veins is NE-SW to NW-SE. Mapped dikes associated with the plutons trend mostly NW-SE and indicate NE-SW directed extension. 40Ar/39Ar ages from S2 micas range from 109.3±1.2 to 103.0±1.8 Ma and are interpreted as post-crystallization cooling ages following a protracted period of magmatism and high heat flow. Regional uplift and erosion of many kilometers of cover produced a subdued erosional surface prior to the eruption of volcanic rocks of the Okhotsk-Chukotka volcanic belt (OCVB) whose basal units (~87 Ma) overlie this profound regional unconformity. A single fission track age on apatite from granite in the Alarmaut massif yielded an age of 90±11 Ma, in good agreement with this inference.
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