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水源性贾弟虫病(giardiasis)研究进展 Progress of Study on Waterborne Giardiasis

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Author(s): 王中卫

Journal: Hans Journal of Biomedicine
ISSN 2161-8976

Volume: 01;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 34;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: 水源性 | 贾弟虫病 | 饮用水源 | Waterborne | Giardiasis | Drinking Water Sources

ABSTRACT
贾弟虫(Giardia)是一种世界性分布的体内寄生原生动物,可感染家畜、野生动物和人类。该虫可通过饮用水源等水体传播,其所导致的贾弟虫病(giardiasis)是最频发的水源性疾病之一,典型症状是腹泻、腹痛、反胃、呕吐、胃胀和发烧。本文综述了贾弟虫的分类、流行病学和检测方法等,目的是提出疾病预警系统,建立快速响应机制,以防止饮用水中贾弟虫病爆发。Giardia was a cosmopolitan enteric protozoan with a very wide host range, including domestic and wild animal species, as well as human beings. The parasite transmitted by the water route including drinking water sources and has become the most frequently identified cause of waterborne disease. The most prominent symptoms of giardiasis were diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, and fever. Taxonomy, epidemiology, detection methods of Giardia were presented in this paper. The objectives would be to provide early warning system to permit the possibility for fast response in a risk situation in order to prevent outbreaks of giardiasis through drinking water in the human population.
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