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Histone H3K79 methyltransferase Dot1L is directly activated by thyroid hormone receptor during Xenopus metamorphosis

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Author(s): Matsuura Kazuo | Fujimoto Kenta | Das Biswajit | Fu Liezhen | Lu Christopher D | Shi Yun-Bo

Journal: Cell & Bioscience
ISSN 2045-3701

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 25;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Dot1L | Intestinal stem cell development | Thyroid hormone receptor | Metamorphosis | Xenopus laevis and tropicalis | Histone methylation

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Thyroid hormone (T3) is important for adult organ function and vertebrate development. Amphibian metamorphosis is totally dependent on T3 and offers a unique opportunity to study how T3 controls postembryonic development in vertebrates. Earlier studies have demonstrated that TR mediates the metamorphic effects of T3 in Xenopus laevis. Liganded TR recruits histone modifying coactivator complexes to target genes during metamorphosis. This leads to nucleosomal removal and histone modifications, including methylation of histone H3 lysine (K) 79, in the promoter regions, and the activation of T3-inducible genes. Results We show that Dot1L, the only histone methyltransferase capable of methylating H3K79, is directly regulated by TR via binding to a T3 response element in the promoter region during metamorphosis in Xenopus tropicalis, a highly related species of Xenopus laevis. We further show that Dot1L expression in both the intestine and tail correlates with the transformation of the organs. Conclusions Our findings suggest that TR activates Dot1L, which in turn participates in metamorphosis through a positive feedback to enhance H3K79 methylation and gene activation by liganded TR.
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