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A Historical Trend of Ethnic Cleavages in Contemporary Iran

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Author(s): Hussein Mohammadzadeh

Journal: International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences
ISSN 2222-6990

Volume: 03;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 280;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Social Cleavage | Iran | Ethnic Cleavage

ABSTRACT
The goal of this study is evaluation social and historical content of social cleavage in contemporary Iran. Analytical framework rooted in Rokan theory. Rokan believed that social cleavage appearance post of revolutions. Method of study was historical comparatives.The method of this research is comparative historical in which we used of historical documents and data. In this field, I have compared data of indexes of socio-economic of ethnic states.Assessment of data and documents show that social cleavages and particularly ethnic cleavages rise after Reza shah revolution. He established centralized and dictated government and divided society of Iran and institutionalization the inequality in social structure. Sense of deprivation about inequality and suited circumstance activated ethnic cleavage in Iran. Decrease of inequality and justice could decrease of social deprivation and deactivated social cleavages.
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