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А History of Computer-Based Instruction and its Effects on Developing Instructional Technologies

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Author(s): Ömer Faruk Sözcü | İsmail İpek | Erkan Taşkın

Journal: European Researcher
ISSN 2219-8229

Volume: 59;
Issue: 9-2;
Start page: 2341;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Computer-based instruction (CBI) | learning technologies | instructional design and technology (IDT).

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the paper is to discuss instructional and technological developments based on the history of computer-based instruction (CBI). Historically, the development of the CBI movement began in earnest at the end of 1960s and in the early 1970s. At that time, computers, for the first time, began to be used in education, basically for teaching language and mathematics. Historically, CBI emerged from the programmed instruction and teaching machines of the middle of the 1950s. Educational computing began with a few large, government-funded projects on mainframe and minicomputers. At this time, several projects were developed to be utilized in instructional processes, such as PLATO and TICCIT. As a result, the developments after the 1970s will be discussed regarding the CBI process so as to indicate new instructional and technological developments as part of new learning technologies from past to present for students and educators in schools.

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