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Human-Sun Bears Conflict in Mizoram, North East India: Impact and Conservation Management

Author(s): ---

Journal: International Journal of Conservation Science
ISSN 2067-533X

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 317;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: human sun bears conflict | Mizoram | North-eastern state | India.

Interactions between Malayan sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) and humans in Mizoram state. We carried out informal interview in 40 villages out of 60 villages covered, locating in and around the protected areas of Mizoram, North-eastern state, during 2008 to 2010. In total, there were 33 human casualties by sun bear during 2000-2010. Males were attacked (n=26, 78.8%) and female were attacked (n=7, 21.2%). Injuries were caused to face, nose, eyes, neck, hand and legs. Mark yearly variation of human sun bear casualties, the highest casualties (24.1%) during the year of 2002 and less casualties (3.0%) during the 2006. Bear attacks were recorded in all the seasons, but maximum cases occurred during autumn and winter months. During December, November, September, April, October and August 27.3 %, 21.2 %, 12.1 %, 9.1% and 6.1 % casualties respectively occurred. Out of 33 cases, victims were mainly in the age group of 31-40 years (45.5 %), followed by 21-30 years (33.3 %), and 41-50 years (12.1 %). Bear accounted for only 6.1 % and 3.0 % cases in the age group of 11-20 years and 51> years respectively. Information on sun bear attacks on human beings and circumstances are presented and discussed. Maximum cases i.e. 21 (63.6 %) occurred in forests, followed by 9 (27. 3 %) cases in crop fields and 3 (9.1%) cases in the vicinity of villages. These victims were involved in cattle grazing, farming or crop protection or moving in forests or vicinity of villages or non-timber forest produce collection. Most of these incidents occurred during morning, evening and night time when bears remained most active. Recommendations have been made for reducing conflict and conservation of sun bear.
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