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A hybrid global minimization scheme for accurate source localization in sensor networks

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Author(s): Aghasi Hamidreza | Amindavar Hamidreza | Aghasi Alireza

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
ISSN 1687-6172

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract We consider the localization problem of multiple wideband sources in a multi-path environment by coherently taking into account the attenuation characteristics and the time delays in the reception of the signal. Our proposed method leaves the space for unavailability of an accurate signal attenuation model in the environment by considering the model as an unknown function with reasonable prior assumptions about its functional space. Such approach is capable of enhancing the localization performance compared with only utilizing the signal attenuation information or the time delays. In this article, the localization problem is modeled as a cost function in terms of the source locations, attenuation model parameters, and the multi-path parameters. To globally perform the minimization, we propose a hybrid algorithm combining the differential evolution algorithm with the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Besides the proposed combination of optimization schemes, supporting the technical details such as closed forms of cost function sensitivity matrices are provided. Finally, the validity of the proposed method is examined in several localization scenarios, taking into account the noise in the environment, the multi-path phenomenon and considering the sensors being not synchronized.

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