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Impact of Helicobacter pylori resistance in unsuccessfully pluritreated patients in a Department of Infectious Diseases in Rome

Author(s): Maria Teresa Mascellino | Barbara Porowska | Rosa Nicosia | Alessandra Oliva | Priscilla Boccia | Carola Severi

Journal: Microbiology Research
ISSN 2036-7473

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e3;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori | Susceptibility testing | Heteroresistance

Twenty-five pluritreated patients were examined. Fifty-six percent yielded Helicobacter pylori (H. Pilory); of these, 9 patients showed a concomitant colonization of the three gastric regions. The highest resistance rate was found for metronidazole (71.8%) followed by chlaritromycin (53.1%). Amoxycillin showed the best susceptibility (only 6% of resistance), tetracycline showed 12% of resistant strains and levofloxacin appeared to be a promising antibacterial agent (18% of resistance). The E-test method was shown to be more suitable than disk diffusion technique for resistance testing. Combined resistance to both chlaritromycin and metronidazole appeared in 50% of the strains. The isolates showing this dual resistance are known to be difficult to eradicate. Resistotypes were shown to be genotypically different even if the strains with the resistance to both chlaritromycin and metronidazole are more likely to belong to genotype cagA+ and vacA s1m1. Heteroresistance (different susceptibility of the isolated strains in a single stomach) resulted in 36% of patients with pangastritis. Indeed, the concomitant presence of H. pylori strains in the same subject, either susceptible or resistant or vice versa, may interfere with the eradication outcomes. In our study, antibiotic resistant H. pylori typically develops from pre-existing susceptible strains rather than from co-infection with a different and unrelated strain. In fact, each pair of isolates detected in our 4 patients with heteroresistance belonged to the same genotype (cagA+ s1m2 in patient 1 and cagA+ s1m1 in patients 2, 3 and 4). In conclusion, H. pylori antibiotic resistance does present several issues in pluritreated patients owing to the rapid emergence of multi-resistant strains.
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