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IMPACT OF THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF ITS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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Author(s): Simona Tripa

Journal: Annals of the University of Oradea. Fascicle of Textiles, Leatherwork
ISSN 1843-813X

Volume: XIV;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 171;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: sustainable development | textiles | pollution | waste | "green" products

ABSTRACT
This paper presents the impact on the environment of textile products, highlighting that their pollution is primarily exerted on air and water. Textile industry affects the environment through the consumption of water, energy and chemicals, as a result of the existence of a great number of processes through which fibers are passing until they are transformed into finished products, and the large amount of waste they generate. They may be recoverable (resulting from the spinning phases, yarn waste from spinning mills, weaving mills, knitting, weaving heads and strips from weaving mills and cutting section, patches from the cutting stages etc.) returned to the manufacturing process they can be used to obtain vicuna yarns, non-woven textile fabrics, cotton upholstery for furniture and cars, insulating materials, geotextiles, etc. or irrecoverable – which are incinerated or discarded in landfills - polluting both air and ground. Waste generation involves a loss of materials and energy and imposes high environmental and economic costs to society - of collection, treatment and processing. Therefore we believe that the desire of "zero waste" is currently one of the strategic directions for sustainable development of a society based on knowledge. Suggested solutions to reduce pollution exercised by textiles products various measures were proposed, such as: sound management of waste, recycling and the increase of "green" products in the all textile products.

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