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Individual patient data meta-analysis for the clinical assessment of coronary computed tomography angiography: protocol of the Collaborative Meta-Analysis of Cardiac CT (CoMe-CCT)

Author(s): Schuetz Georg M | Schlattmann Peter | Achenbach Stephan | Budoff Matthew | Garcia Mario J | Roehle Robert | Pontone Gianluca | Meijboom Willem Bob | Andreini Daniele | Alkadhi Hatem | Honoris Lily | Bettencourt Nuno | Hausleiter Jörg | Leschka Sebastian | Gerber Bernhard L | Meijs Matthijs FL | Shabestari Abbas Arjmand | Sato Akira | Zimmermann Elke | Schoepf Uwe J | Diederichsen Axel | Halon David A | Mendoza-Rodriguez Vladimir | Hamdan Ashraf | Nørgaard Bjarne L | Brodoefel Harald | Øvrehus Kristian A | Jenkins Shona MM | Halvorsen Bjørn A | Rixe Johannes | Sheikh Mehraj | Langer Christoph | Martuscelli Eugenio | Romagnoli Andrea | Scholte Arthur JHA | Marcus Roy P | Ulimoen Geir R | Nieman Koen | Mickley Hans | Nikolaou Konstantin | Tardif Jean-Claude | Johnson Thorsten RC | Muraglia Simone | Chow Benjamin JW | Maintz David | Laule Michael | Dewey Marc

Journal: Systematic Reviews
ISSN 2046-4053

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Collaborative meta-analysis on cardiac CT | CoMe-CCT | Coronary CT angiography | Individual patient data meta-analysis | IPD | Positive and negative predictive value | Pretest likelihood | Sensitivity and specificity | Study protocol

Abstract Background Coronary computed tomography angiography has become the foremost noninvasive imaging modality of the coronary arteries and is used as an alternative to the reference standard, conventional coronary angiography, for direct visualization and detection of coronary artery stenoses in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, there is considerable debate regarding the optimal target population to maximize clinical performance and patient benefit. The most obvious indication for noninvasive coronary computed tomography angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease would be to reliably exclude significant stenosis and, thus, avoid unnecessary invasive conventional coronary angiography. To do this, a test should have, at clinically appropriate pretest likelihoods, minimal false-negative outcomes resulting in a high negative predictive value. However, little is known about the influence of patient characteristics on the clinical predictive values of coronary computed tomography angiography. Previous regular systematic reviews and meta-analyses had to rely on limited summary patient cohort data offered by primary studies. Performing an individual patient data meta-analysis will enable a much more detailed and powerful analysis and thus increase representativeness and generalizability of the results. The individual patient data meta-analysis is registered with the PROSPERO database (CoMe-CCT, CRD42012002780). Methods/Design The analysis will include individual patient data from published and unpublished prospective diagnostic accuracy studies comparing coronary computed tomography angiography with conventional coronary angiography. These studies will be identified performing a systematic search in several electronic databases. Corresponding authors will be contacted and asked to provide obligatory and additional data. Risk factors, previous test results and symptoms of individual patients will be used to estimate the pretest likelihood of coronary artery disease. A bivariate random-effects model will be used to calculate pooled mean negative and positive predictive values as well as sensitivity and specificity. The primary outcome of interest will be positive and negative predictive values of coronary computed tomography angiography for the presence of coronary artery disease as a function of pretest likelihood of coronary artery disease, analyzed by meta-regression. As a secondary endpoint, factors that may influence the diagnostic performance and clinical value of computed tomography, such as heart rate and body mass index of patients, number of detector rows, and administration of beta blockade and nitroglycerin, will be investigated by integrating them as further covariates into the bivariate random-effects model. Discussion This collaborative individual patient data meta-analysis should provide answers to the pivotal question of which patients benefit most from noninvasive coronary computed tomography angiography and thus help to adequately select the right patients for this test.
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