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Infrared Screening of Residential Buildings for Energy Audit Purposes: Results of a Field Test

Author(s): Giuliano Dall'O' | Luca Sarto | Angela Panza

Journal: Energies
ISSN 1996-1073

Volume: 6;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 3859;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: energy efficiency | infrared screening | thermography applications | energy audit of buildings | U-value measure | infrared audit | convective heat transfer coefficient

In the European Union (EU), the building sector is responsible for approximately 40% of total energy consumption. The existing building stock is inefficient and can, and indeed must be retrofitted to address this issue. The practical implementation of the European strategies requires knowledge of the energy performance of existing buildings through energy audit techniques. Application of thermography in the fields of energy are very widespread, since, through such a non-invasive investigation, and through correct interpretation of infrared images, it is possible to highlight inefficiencies in buildings and related facilities. The paper shows and discusses the results of an infrared audit campaign on 14 existing buildings located in Milan Province (Italy) made in different construction periods and characterised, therefore, by different building technologies. The U-values obtained in an indirect way through the thermography of the opaque walls of the buildings investigated, were compared with the actual known values in order to verify the reliability of the method and the possible margin of error. The study indicated that the category of buildings in which the application of this method is sufficiently reliable is that of solid-mass structure buildings, the most widespread in Italy, whereas in the case of buildings whose external walls are insulated, the percentage of deviation is very high.
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