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Intelligent query by humming system based on score level fusion of multiple classifiers

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Author(s): Nam Gi Pyo | Luong Thi Thu Trang | Nam Hyun Ha | Park Kang Ryoung | Park Sung-Joo

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
ISSN 1687-6172

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 21;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: query-by-humming | linear scaling | dynamic time warping | multiple classifiers | score level fusion.

ABSTRACT
Abstract Recently, the necessity for content-based music retrieval that can return results even if a user does not know information such as the title or singer has increased. Query-by-humming (QBH) systems have been introduced to address this need, as they allow the user to simply hum snatches of the tune to find the right song. Even though there have been many studies on QBH, few have combined multiple classifiers based on various fusion methods. Here we propose a new QBH system based on the score level fusion of multiple classifiers. This research is novel in the following three respects: three local classifiers [quantized binary (QB) code-based linear scaling (LS), pitch-based dynamic time warping (DTW), and LS] are employed; local maximum and minimum point-based LS and pitch distribution feature-based LS are used as global classifiers; and the combination of local and global classifiers based on the score level fusion by the PRODUCT rule is used to achieve enhanced matching accuracy. Experimental results with the 2006 MIREX QBSH and 2009 MIR-QBSH corpus databases show that the performance of the proposed method is better than that of single classifier and other fusion methods.
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