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Interannual variability of tropical cyclone activity along the Pacific coast of North America

Author(s): D. S. GUTZLER | K. M. WOOD | E. A. RITCHIE | A. V. DOUGLAS | M. D. LEWIS

Journal: Atmósfera
ISSN 0187-6236

Volume: 26;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 149;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: tropical cyclones | ENSO | eastern North Pacific

The interannual variability of near-coastal eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones is described using a data set of cyclone tracks constructed from U.S. and Mexican oceanic and atmospheric reports for the period 1951-2006. Near-coastal cyclone counts are enumerated monthly, allowing us to distinguish interannual variability during different phases of the May-November tropical cyclone season. In these data more tropical cyclones affect the Pacific coast in May-July, the early months of the tropical cyclone season, during La Niña years, when equatorial Pacific sea surface temperatures are anomalously cool, than during El Niño years. The difference in early season cyclone counts between La Niña and El Niño years was particularly pronounced during the mid-twentieth century epoch when cool equatorial temperatures were enhanced as described by an index of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Composite maps from years with high and low near-coastal cyclone counts show that the atmospheric circulation anomalies associated with cool sea surface temperatures in the eastern equatorial Pacific are consistent with preferential steering of tropical cyclones northeastward toward the west coast of Mexico.
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