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isiXhosa name for leopard

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Author(s): JAMES MICHAEL FEELY

Journal: African Zoology
ISSN 1562-7020

Volume: 47;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: leopard | tiger | ingwe | Eastern Cape

ABSTRACT
The confusion among isiXhosa-speakers concerning the meaning of ingwe can probably be traced to John Ayliff’s dictionary of the language published in 1846. There he gives ‘tiger’ as ingwe and ‘leopard’ as ihlozi. He clearly treats the two as distinct species. This is contrary to South African usage in English and Afrikaans in which tiger / tier is an alternative name for leopard / luiperd. The confusion does not appear in nine other isiNtu languages in which ingwe (or a cognate) means leopard alone in southern Africa.
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