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KAJIAN KES KEATAS KESAN KAEDAH PEMBELAJARAN KOPERATIF TEKNIK ’JIGSAW’ DALAM KURSUS ISYARAT DAN SISTEM

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Author(s): Hafizah Husain | Abdul Wahab Mohammad | Aini Hussain | Salina Abdul Samad | Azah Mohamed | Che Husna Azhari | Norinawati Md. Tahir

Journal: ASEAN Journal of Teaching & Learning in Higher Education
ISSN 1985-5826

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 12;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: pembelajaran koperatif | teknik jigsaw | pembelajaran kompetitif | pembelajaran berpusatkan pelajar | cooperative learning | jigsaw technique | competitive learning | student oriented learning

ABSTRACT
Kaedah pembelajaran koperatif (KOOP) berpusatkan pelajar merupakan suatu metodologi pengajaran aktif dalam kumpulan-kumpulan kecil berbanding kaedah pembelajaran kompetitif (KOMP) atau secara individu dan berpusatkan pensyarah. Teknik Jigsaw yangmerupakan subset pembelajaran KOOP telah menunjukkan keupayaan memupuk kemahiran interaksi berkumpulan, berfikiran kritis serta sifat positif, selaras dengan paradigma masa kini yang berlandas keperluan hasil pembelajaran. Dalam kajian ini ia digunakan dalam proses mengulangkaji topik yang telah diajar di bilik kuliah. Sehubungan dengan itu, kertaskerja ini membincangkan kedua-dua metodologi pembelajaran yang telah dilaksanakan dalam kelas kursus isyarat dan sistem (KL2093) di Fakulti Kejuruteraan, UKM dan mengupas keberkesanannya secara kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Iajuga membandingkan struktur pembelajaran kooperatif dan kompetitif menggunakan rekabentuk kuasi-ujikaji. Analisis kuantitatif dilakukan ke atas dua set data markah peperiksaan pelajar untuk melihat kesan ke atas pencapaian akademik manakala analisis kualitatif dilakukan secara analisis sebab-akibat (cause-effect) untuk mengkaji kesannyaterhadap sikap pelajar. Pemerhatian dan analisis awal menunjukkan teknik jigsaw yang berpusatkan pelajar memberikan kesan yang lebih positif berbanding kaedah tradisional pembelajaran KOMP berpusat pensyarah.The student oriented cooperative leaning method (COOP) exhibit an active teaching methodology in small groups, as compared to the lecturer oriented competitive learning method (COMP). The Jigsaw technique is a subset of the COOP learning that has been demonstrated to nurture good group interaction skill, critical thinking ability, and positive attitude among students that are in agreement with the current outcome based paradigm. In this study, both methods were used in the revision process to reinforce theunderstanding of the topics taught in the class. This paper specifically discusses both methodologies that have been implemented in Signal and System course (KL2093) at the Engineering Faculty, UKM and analyzes its quantitative and qualitative effectiveness. Italso compares the cooperative and competitive structure using the quasi-experiment design approach. The quantitative analysis was carried out on two data sets of examination scores to evaluate their effects towards academic achievements, while, the qualitative analysis based on cause-effect process is performed to investigate the effects towards students’ behavior. Preliminary observation and analysis indicates that the student oriented jigsaw technique is more effective compared to the traditional lecturer oriented COMP learning.
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