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Knowledge, attitude and practice about bio-medical waste management among personnel of a tertiary health care institute in Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

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Author(s): Imaad Mohammed Ismail | Annarao G. Kulkarni | Suchith V. Kamble | Sagar A. Borker | Rekha R | Amruth M

Journal: Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 0974-1143

Volume: 06;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 376;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Bio-medical waste | knowledge | practice | hospital | needle stick injury

ABSTRACT
Introduction: The waste generated during the delivery of health care services carries a high potential of infection and injury than any other type of waste. Previous studies in India show that the awareness and practices on bio-medical waste management among health care personnel was dismal and hence studies are required to know the current status. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice about bio-medical waste management among health care personnel working in KVG Medical College. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in KVG Medical College, Sullia, India. Using convenient sampling method, a total of 120 health care personnel were selected which consisted of 4 groups with 30 each of doctors, nurses, lab-technicians and class-IV waste handlers. Data was collected using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire. Data compilation and analysis was done using SPSS 17. Results: The study revealed that knowledge regarding colour coding and risks of handling bio-medical waste was poor across all the 4 groups especially among class-IV waste handlers. Majority of the study participants had never undergone any training on bio-medical waste management and there was a felt need for the same. A meagre 36% doctors, 43% nurses, 30% lab-technicians and 13% class-IV waste handlers were discarding the bio-medical waste according to colour code. Among the class-IV waste handlers 67% reported needle stick injury. Conclusion: As the knowledge and practice regarding bio-medical waste management was poor there is a need to conduct periodic training and retraining workshops with special focus on proper use of personal protective gear.
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