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Leptospirosis in India and the rest of the world

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Author(s): Rao R. Sambasiva | Gupta Naveen | Bhalla P. | Agarwal S.K.

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
ISSN 1413-8670

Volume: 7;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 178;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: India | leptospirosis | world

ABSTRACT
Leptospirosis is an acute anthropo-zoonotic infection of worldwide significance caused by spirochaete Leptospira interrogans which has 23 serogroups and >200 serovars. Various factors influencing the animal activity, suitability of the environment for the survival of the organism and behavorial and occupational habits of human beings can be the determinants of incidence and prevalence of the disease. The disease was considered inconsequential till recently, but it is emerging as an important public health problem during the last decade or so due to sudden upsurge in the number of reported cases and outbreaks. Since isolation rate of the microorganism from clinical specimens is low due to prior indiscriminate use of antibiotics, serological techniques remain the cornerstone of diagnosis.
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