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Listening Levels of Teenage iPod Users: Does measurement approach matter?

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Author(s): Nicole C. Haines | William E. Hodgetts | Amberley V. Ostevik | Jana M. Rieger

Journal: Audiology Research
ISSN 2039-4330

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: iPod listening levels | measurement approach | noise exposure | personal listening devices | teenagers

ABSTRACT
Objectives: The main objective of this study was to determine the influence of background noise levels and measurement approach on user-selected listening levels (USLLs) chosen by teenaged MP3 player users. It was hypothesized that the presence of background noise would (1) increase the USLL across all measurement approaches, (2) result in no significant USLL differences between survey reports, objective lab measures or calibrated self-report field measures, and (3) cause no interaction effect between level of background noise and measurement approach.   Design: There were two independent variables (IVs) in this study: the level of background noise and measurement approach. The first IV, level of background noise, had two levels: quiet and transportation noise. The second IV, measurement approach, had three levels: survey, objective in-ear lab measurement and calibrated self-report field measurement. The dependent variable was ear canal A-weighted sound pressure level (dBA SPL). A 2 x 3 repeated-measures ANOVA was used to determine the significance of the main and interaction effects.   Results: USLLs increased in the presence of background noise, regardless of the measurement approach used. However, the listening levels estimated by the participants using the survey and self-report field measure were significantly lower than those recorded using in-ear laboratory measurements.   Conclusions: Listening preferences of adolescents in this study mirror those of adults, as documented in previous literature. Higher listening levels were observed in the presence of background noise for all measurement approaches. It appears that subjects’ survey responses underestimate true listening levels in comparison to self-report calibrated field measures. Also, in-the ear laboratory measures yielded the highest listening levels. With respect to laboratory measures, the percentage of subjects listening at a level that might be considered “at risk” was comparable, but slightly higher, for this teenage group compared to previous research with adults and university students.
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