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Long-term preservation of Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl. using encapsulation method

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Author(s): Sumontip Bunnag | Sutarat Khonkayan

Journal: Extreme Life, Biospeology & Astrobiology
ISSN 2066-7671

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl. | encapsulation-dehydration | protocorms | long-term preservation | preculture

ABSTRACT
The species Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl., a wild orchid native to north and northeastThailand, is rapidly depopulated in its natural stand by ingathering for trade within the country. Thiscauses it to become a rare or endangered species in the near future. Long-term preservation is analternative approach for conservation of plant genetic resources which can be applied to this species.This study was aimed to optimize the conditions for seed germination, protocorm induction andproliferation, and preserving D. chrysotoxum protocorms via encapsulation-dehydration method. Seedssuccessfully germinated on solid ND medium in the absence of plant growth regulators. Solid ND mediumsupplemented with 4 mg/l BA was found to promote protocorm proliferation. The proliferation rate was85%. The seed-derived protocorms were successfully cryopreserved as the following protocol. Theprotocorms were encapsulated with Ca-alginate and then precultured in liquid ND medium supplementedwith 0.25 M sucrose for 1 week in the dark at 4 °C. They were further precultured in liquid ND mediumsupplemented with 0.75 M sucrose for 2 days in the dark at 4 °C and dehydrated by air-drying for 5 hand subsequently placed in a freezer at -80 °C for 2 weeks. TTC staining exhibited viability rate of 64%.

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