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Magnetism and Pressure-Induced Superconductivity of Checkerboard-Type Charge-Ordered Molecular Conductor β-(meso-DMBEDT-TTF)2X (X = PF6 and AsF6)

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Author(s): Takahisa Shikama | Tatsuya Shimokawa | Sanguchul Lee | Takayuki Isono | Akira Ueda | Kazuyuki Takahashi | Akiko Nakao | Reiji Kumai | Hironori Nakao | Kensuke Kobayashi | Youichi Murakami | Motoi Kimata | Hiroyuki Tajima | Kazuyuki Matsubayashi | Yoshiya Uwatoko | Yutaka Nishio | Koji Kajita | Hatsumi Mori

Journal: Crystals
ISSN 2073-4352

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1502;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: superconductor | dimer state | checkerboard-type charge ordering | singlet state | valence bond solid | paired-electron crystal

ABSTRACT
The metallic state of the molecular conductor β-(meso-DMBEDT-TTF)2X (DMBEDT-TTF = 2-(5,6-dihydro-1,3-dithiolo[4,5-b][1,4]dithiin-2-ylidene)-5,6-dihydro-5,6-dimethyl-1,3-dithiolo[4,5-b][1,4]dithiin, X = PF6, AsF6) is transformed into the checkerboard-type charge-ordered state at around 75–80 K with accompanying metal-insulator (MI) transition on the anisotropic triangular lattice. With lowering temperatures, the magnetic susceptibility decreases gradually and reveals a sudden drop at the MI transition. By applying pressure, the charge-ordered state is suppressed and superconductivity appears in β-(meso-DMBEDT-TTF)2AsF6 as well as in the reported β-(meso-DMBEDT-TTF)2PF6. The charge-ordered spin-gapped state and the pressure-induced superconducting state are discussed through the paired-electron crystal (PEC) model, where the spin-bonded electron pairs stay and become mobile in the crystal, namely the valence-bond solid (VBS) and the resonant valence bonded (RVB) state in the quarter-filled band structure.
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