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MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL CRITIQUE OF RELIGION

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Author(s): Jowita Guja

Journal: Studia Humanistyczne AGH
ISSN 1732-2189

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 133;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: atheism | critique of religion | alienation | philosophical antropology

ABSTRACT
The paper is a synthetic overview of main problems of the philosophical critique of religion. In the beginning I identify and characterize three general threads of the critique: the enlightenment, the alienational and the thread which focuses on the problem of theodicy. The greater part of my article is devoted to the alienational critique of religion n its two types: atheistic (Feuerbach, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, Sartre) and theistic (Barth). The subjects of my analysis are the sources and foundations of the alienational critique of religion and the most important problems implied by it: the essence of religion, the ideal of the irreligious man, the prospect to remove religion. The analysis presents troubles and confusions connected to these subjects: they emerge in atheistic type of alienational critique of religion.

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