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Measurement of chromium (Cr) residue in kidney and liver of slaughtered cattle in Sokoto central abattoir, Sokoto state, Nigeria

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Author(s): Akawu Bala | Aminu Umar Junaidu | Mohammad Danlami Salihu | Kennet Onifade | Aminu Ahmed Magaji | Olutayo Oluwali Faleke | Muhammad Ahmed Saulawa | Lawal Uchin Muhammad | Pauline Kaneng Dachin | Samuel Akawu Anzaku | Nafiu Lawal

Journal: Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances
ISSN 2322-1879

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 47;
Date: 2012;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The prevalence of Chromium (Cr) residue in liver and kidney samples of cattle was determined at cattle slaughter section of Sokoto Central abattoir Sokoto State Nigeria. A total of one hundred of each of the liver and kidney samples were collected and processed for the detection of Chromium using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. All the samples (liver and kidney) were 100% positive for Chromium. The highest and lowest concentration of Chromium in liver and kidney were found to be among the age groups of ≥9 years and those at 0-2 years respectively. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the concentration of Chromium in liver and kidney samples of the different age groups of the slaughtered cattle. The concentration of Chromium in all the samples are within the permissible level recommended by Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and World Health Organisation(WHO).It is therefore obvious that the liver and kidney of cattle slaughtered at Sokoto abattoir contain Chromium residue. This study was carried out to determine the level of Chromium residue in liver and kidneys of beef consumed from Sokoto Central abattoir Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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