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Medical and dental health status of orphan children in central Saudi Arabia

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Author(s): Asma M. Al-Jobair | Salwa A. Al-Sadhan | Areej A. Al-Faifi | Reem I. Andijani | Sarah K. Al-Motlag

Journal: Saudi Medical Journal
ISSN 0379-5284

Volume: 34;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 531;
Date: 2013;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Objectives: To evaluate the medical and dental health status of orphan children from 4 to 12-years-old, and compare them with children living with their parents. Methods: This analytical, cross-sectional study took place in 3 government orphanages and 3 ordinary schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from July 2011 to January 2012. All orphans aged 4-12 year were selected (N=90). Ninety children living with their parents were selected randomly to serve as the controls. Demographic data, medical, and dental history were obtained through a questionnaire answered by the orphans’ foster mothers and childrens’ parents. The study groups were examined to evaluate their caries status using the Decayed-Missing and-Filled Teeth/Surface indices (DMFT/DMFS) for permanent teeth and (dmft/dmfs) for primary teeth. Oral hygiene status (OHI), plaque deposition (PI), and gingival health (GI) were also assessed. Pearson Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: Approximately 36% of the orphans had medical conditions compared to 14.4% of the control children. The control children visited the dentist more than the orphans (p

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